Eastern Europe: number of HIV diagnoses reached a peak

Lynette PayneNov 30, 2018

All told, nearly 160,000 people were diagnosed in Europe with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), which causes AIDS, according to data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the World Health Organisation's (WHO) regional office for Europe.

According to the report, significant HIV transmission continues across the WHO European Region. The latest update on the status of AIDS from 1981 to 2017 in 35 states and UTs in India has said that there is an overall decline in new HIV infections and AIDS-related deaths in India. The predominant modes of transmission in these countries were heterosexual transmission and transmission through injecting drug use.

However, this is outweighed by the fact that last year's numbers ballooned to 160,000 new cases, with 130,000 coming from Eastern Europe, a record high for the region. The good news is the agencies said that the rate at which HIV diagnoses increased in 2017 slowed down.

The World AIDS Day is marked every December 1 to encourage communities to unite against HIV, show support for people living with the disease, and remember those who have passed away due to AIDS. The HIV incidence among general population is low across states, except for a few, it is much higher among High Risk Groups.

As a result, the region is not on track to meet the 90-90-90 target by 2020, as set out by World Health Organization and the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS.

Julio Montaner, Director of the BC-CfE, pioneered the concept of 'treatment as prevention' (TasP). Sex between men was most responsible for transmission in the European Union and European Economic Area.

The report calls on governments to do this by "tailoring interventions to those most at risk" and to invest in prevention, testing and treatment.

"Where human rights for LGBT (people) are not accepted, and are not free and protected for everyone, there can not be efficient HIV prevention", Yoursky said. He moved next to Eastern Europe to countries in Asia.

"Policies that reduce social marginalisation, stigma and discrimination are needed as are increased funding for prevention and testing", Pozniak said in a statement.

He said that presently HIV/AIDS treatment centres were working efficiently across the country besides prevention the parent to child transmission centres for pregnant women.

He further said that this year, the NACP in collaboration with UNAIDS and partners has prioritised engaging youth, media, parliamentarians and other stakeholders in the lead up to World AIDS Day.

Federal Minister National Health Services Aamer Mehmood Kiani said that government was committed to making honest efforts for increasing the access to and uptake of HIV preventive and treatment services by engaging with all stakeholders to promote HIV awareness and minimise stigma and discrimination against the disease.

The number of Russian men who were infected with HIV through having sex with another man more than doubled to 695 between 2008 and 2015, according to official data.

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